James keiller pottery dating
Evidence for the alternative theory – that they were transported to the vicinity of Stonehenge by a glacier (which would account for the motley mix of rock-type) – is though, at the moment, not overwhelming, and the Professors Timothy Darvill and Geoffrey Wainwright consider the bluestones to be Stonehenge's raison d'être.They believe the stones were thought to have healing properties, and that Stonehenge was “a prehistoric Lourdes” – a place of pilgrimage, to where people would travel in the hope of being cured.The tendency is to assume that it was the midsummer sunrise, as seen looking out from the centre of the stone settings down the Avenue (at the time Stonehenge was built, the sun would have risen just to the west of the Heel Stone), that was the main point of this alignment.It may be, however, that the midwinter sunset (the sun would have set between the uprights of the Great Trilithon), at the opposite end of the axis, was, at least, equally significant. Round about 2200BC, bluestones were arranged in a circle, running inside the sarsen circle.
Beyond that generalisation, however, its purpose and meaning have long been the subject of speculation.
and bank – enclosing an area some 91.7 metres in diameter.
Uncharacteristically for a henge, the bank was on the inside of the ditch.
In about 2500BC, however, Stonehenge entered a period of development during which stones were arranged and rearranged, to eventually produce the monument whose impressive wreckage remains today. The stone settings built at the centre of Stonehenge fall into two categories: those made from bluestones, and those made from ‘sarsens’.
Sarsens are naturally occurring sandstone slabs, and, it is generally believed, they were sourced from the Marlborough Downs, almost 20 miles to the north.
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The small bluestone circle inside the trilithon horseshoe, assuming there was such a structure, was restyled into an oval.